Direct seed in soils that are above 70º F. Plant gourds ½” - 1” deep. For a general rule of thumb plant seed the depth of three times the thickness of the seed. Plant spacing varies depending on fruit size. For small and miniature gourds plant at approximately 5 - 10 sq. ft. per plant. For large gourds plant them at 30 sq. ft. per plant.
Scout fields every 7 days to ensure crop health. Look for insect, weed, and disease pressure. The first three weeks focus on weeds and insect pressure. Then focus on disease pressure. For weed, insect, and disease identification and treatments consult the Midwest Vegetable Production Guide: https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/ID/ID-56-W%202020.pdf or your local extension. Place pollinators in field to ensure maximum fruit set.
Harvest when fruit have developed deep vibrant color or when plants start to die down. Clean gourds of dirt, then dip them in a 5% chlorine solution to ensure long shelf life.
Place gourds in a dry place that will have good air circulation to prevent rotting.