When to Plant: The best planting times are spring or fall. Seeds
may also be planted in early summer if they can be watered regularly
for the first 4-6 weeks. In cold climates, fall planting should
be scheduled late so seeds will not germinate until the following
Site Preparation: To avoid competition, remove existing vegetation
by pulling, tilling under, spraying with a general herbicide, or
by a combination of these methods. Loosen compacted soil by scraping
tilling or scarifying. Tilling should be utilized only when soil
is very compacted and further weed control measures can be taken.
Planting Rate: A minimum and maximum planting rate is given for
each mixture. A planting rate in the minimum range is usually sufficient
to establish a good stand of wildflowers on prepared soil with
weed control. The maximum rates are recommended when adequate soil
preparation and weed control are impossible, or when a maximum
display is required. Avoid using more than the recommended rates
since poor perennial establishment may result.
Seeding Rates: 7 to
8 lbs. seeds one acre. 1 lb. seeds 6000 sq. ft.
lb. seeds 1000 sq. ft. 1 oz. seeds 250 sq. ft.
Planting Depth: If seeds are broadcast, rake in lightly, covering
seeds no more than 2-3 times their thickness (some seeds will
show). If seeds are drilled, drill to a maximum of 1/4 inch.
is the method of application, hydromulching will provide a top
Moisture: Planted areas must be kept consistently moist for 4-6
weeks during the growing season until seedings are well established.
During this period, daily watering may be necessary. Thereafter,
watering should be gradually reduced. In moist climates, regular
rainfall may make supplemental watering unnecessary. In arid
climates or during drought conditions, up to 1/2 inch of supplemental
per week may be required to maintain an optimal display.
Planting Techniques: When seeding, mix with fine grained sand,
cornmeal, etc. to increase the bulk of the mixture. After
sowing rake the seed lightly into the soil. Keep the ground
until the seedlings appear in about 3 weeks. Spread seed
by hand or
use any conventional seeding equipment available.
Tips: To prolong blooming,
water during dry periods throughout the growing season. Once the
little maintenance is required unless there is a weed problem.
Eliminate weeds prior to sowing the wildflowers and remove
as many subsequent weeds as possible. Top fill in bare spots,
soil and lightly rake additional seeds into the soil. A late
fall mowing will scatter the new crop seeds and eliminate
unsightly bare stalks.